Trees are very important in the fight against climate change. In order to grow, a tree spends its lifetime feeding on carbonic gas and with an average consumption of 10 kg. every year, a tree helps reduce the additional amount of carbon in the atmosphere which is a cause of climate change.
International studies have shown that patients with views of trees outside their windows heal much faster and with less complication. Children with ADHD show fewer symptoms when they have access to nature and exposure to trees and nature aids concentration by reducing mental fatigue.
Using photosynthesis, a tree converts water and carbonic gas into enough oxygen to sustain a family of four for a year.
Trees protects soil from erosion, reduce surface run-off and slow large floods. Trees are essential to prevent flooding.
By holding the ground and preventing erosion with their roots, trees help tackle landslides, especially on riversides, slopes and banks. In hot countries, trees form a defensive wall against the advancing desert.
A tree filters and recycles rainwater through its roots and leaves, and converts it in purified water. This 100% natural process is essential to the restocking and stability of groundwater levels.
Trees improve soil condition and prevent topsoil erosion as well as creating shade and shelter for livestock.
Woods and trees reduce air pollution and keep cities cool. They are also the perfect places to exercise.
Trees reduce UV-B exposure by about 50%, thus providing protection to children on school campuses and playgrounds.
Sources of food, firewood, timber and even medication, the trees and forests provide a livelihood to 1.6 billion people.
Trees and forest feed, shelter and host 80% of all terrestrial animal species.
There are less than 4 billion hectares of forest area left in the world, and at least one third of the Earth’s forests have disappeared since the dawn of agriculture. Roughly 13 million hectares of forest are lost each year, meaning there is an urgent need for a reforestation and forest restoration strategy to restore this balance. Trees are fundamental to life and serve as the literal foundation for many ecosystems. Among other things, they help hold soil and water in place, control avalanches, fight desertification, protect coastal areas and stabilise sand dunes.
Trees and shrubs play a vital role in the daily life of people living in rural areas. They provide wood for fuel, food, essential oils, resins and latex, medicine and shade. In a forest ecosystem, all the animals play a vital role such as pollination, seed dispersal, germination, etc. In Africa, Asia and South America, the amount of carbon trapped in forest biomass has dropped dramatically in the period 1990-2005, and the whole world’s forest biomass’ carbon sequestration capacity has dropped annually by 1.1 gigatonnes, equivalent to 4 billion 25kg sacks of charcoal. The destruction of natural forests around the world contributes more to global emissions on an annual basis than the entire transport sector. That is why halting deforestation would be an extremely cost-effective way of reducing the emission of greenhouse gases.
Rainforests and forest ecosystems sequester almost three times the amount of carbon that is currently in our atmosphere. Ensuring the survival and preservation of the planet’s forests while maintaining existing carbon sinks is among the highest priorities in global efforts to mitigate the impact of climate change. Approximately 20 percent of greenhouse gasemissions stem from the clearing and burning of forests, whereas carbon sequestered in peat bogs and the Arctic tundra risks being released into the atmosphere as a result of drainage and thawing. Restoring carbon sinks and sequestering carbon in three areas - forests, peatlands and agriculture - over the coming decades can amount to a reduction of well over 50 gigatonnes of carbon emissions that would otherwise have gone into the atmosphere.